The Black-eared fairy hummingbird is a South American hummingbird of the Amazon rain forests. It has a fairly large range and is found mainly in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
The Black-eared fairy is a medium-sized tropical hummingbird. The upper parts of the Black-eared fairy are bright green. The lower parts of the bird are white and it has a black mask on it’s face. The bill of the bird is relatively short and straight and is colored black. The graduated tail is blue-black in the center, with white outer tail feathers (i.e. typically appear blue-black from above, white from below). Depending on subspecies, the male has a green throat. The female is similar to the male hummingbird but has a longer tail and doesn’t have a green throat.
The Black-eared fairy hummingbird breeds all year long. The nest is cup shaped and made out of down. The nest is attached to a tree branch anywhere from 3 to 30 meters above the ground. The female will breed for the first time in her 2nd year and will lay 2 eggs which she incubates for about 15 days. The young hummingbirds will fledge in 23 to 26 days.
The Black-eared fairy will catch flies out of the air and also eat them off of plant foliage. Because of it’s short bill, the Black-eared fairy will sometimes pierce a hole at the base of larger flowers to get access to the nectar.
Below is a video of a Black-eared Fairy hummingbird
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